In this part of the course, we will discuss whether it is possible/
desireable/ interesting to conceive of phonological relations as being local
in the sense that is familiar from syntax. That is, two categories of the
same kind may contract a lateral relation only if no other object of similar
nature intervenes. Relevant phonological categories that are eventually
subject to Locality are syllabic constituents such as Onsets and Nuclei. The
issue of Locality is raised only if a strict CVCV-approach (that will be
introduced in the first part of the course) is assumed: Onsets and Nuclei
are related by lateral relations such as Government and Licensing, and these
may be local or not.
The discussion on Locality will bear a somewhat experimental character since
it is purely formal and tries to accommodate views from different linguistic
fields, to the effect that theoretical arguments from syntax may have a
direct bearing on phonological structure. It also raises questions related
to UG: is there ONE UG with a single set of principles that enjoy syntactic,
phonological, semantic etc. expression, or are there separate phonological,
syntactic, semantic etc. UGs whose content is not interrelated? In other
words: is phonology different?
In order to follow the discussion, you must be aware of CVCV, Government and
Licensing. In other words, you must be comfortable with the content of my intro class, and the references cited there.