Nis01



Introduction to Phonology



This course will start with a brief overview of linear phonology. The basic
assumption of linear (Sound Pattern of English, Chomsky and Halle)
phonology is that the phonological representation of sound is a linear
slicing up into discrete matrices of segments. The way in which
phonological adjustments were accounted for in linear phonology will be
briefly dealt with. After that we will discuss the main arguments that led
to the development of nonlinear phonology. Nonlinear phonology does not
represent one single theory in a definite form, but rather consists of a
number of subtheories (stress, tone, feature representation, syllable
structure, underspecification etc.) each of which is characterized by a
number of competing descriptive models. We will discuss, among other
things, syllable structure, metrical structure and feature geometry.

Finally, developments in phonological theory have not only focussed on the
phonological representation itself, but also on the way in which the
phonological adjustments are accounted for. Rule-based versus constraints-
based models compete in this respect. We will introduce and discuss
Optimality Theory by looking mainly at loan phonology.


Day 1 and 2: Introduction to linear phonology. Basic concepts, features,
rules.

Day 3: Syllable structure, stress and tone.

Day 4: Feature geometry, underspecification. OT

Day 5: Derivational and constraint-based analyses. Loan phonology.


No background reading required. Course material will be provided!


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